Pollution

Pollution is the presence of unwanted substances in a natural environment with negative results. This can take many forms and harm living things in countless ways. If it continues unabated, then health and safety will be compromised. Steps must be taken to reduce it wherever it is found if we want to save the lives. Urban areas tend to experience this at a higher level than rural regions. Below are some examples of pollution:


Air


We need clean air to breathe well. The problem is that contaminants can mix into the air and damage our respiratory system. Infants and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. Those with existing lung diseases and allergies are also prone to health issues. We need to lessen these harmful contaminants by passing laws targeting the biggest offenders such as factories and automobiles. Inside our homes, we can implement Dust control by maintaining the cleanliness of A/C filters and using UV lights.

Extra information about Dust control


Soil


The soil may absorb hazardous chemicals due to leakage or purposeful usage. For example, mines might let their waste products spill out including heavy metals. They should contain all of these or else the nearby population could develop fatal diseases. Clean-up can take a long time and cost a great deal of money. Soil pollution may also occur due to the use of dangerous pesticides. Although these can kill insects that feed on crops, they also cause long-term damage to the land.


Water


A large part of our planet is composed of water. This is where aquatic creatures thrive, in turn providing us with sustenance. The problem is that water pollution is killing fishes and plant life. This cannot be allowed to worsen as our fishermen will no longer have much to catch for feeding our populations. Polluted rivers and beaches also threaten both the lives and the livelihood of people who are living in the coastal areas. For instance, tourist destinations can lose their appeal such that establishments will have fewer guests.


Reduction Measures


It is clear just how much we can lose because of pollution. Reducing it must be a priority if we are to avert a bleak future. This requires coordinated planning from the top and strong enforcement at the bottom. For example, governments can issue high standards for car manufacturers and fuel companies to lessen air pollutants. They can make it mandatory for owners to have their cars checked for emission compliance before license and registration renewal. Factories may be required to undergo random visits by health and sanitation inspectors. Waste products could be recycled instead of being thrown into landfills.


Once pollutants are in the environment, it will be difficult to remove them. Cleanup calls for massive resources. It will be more cost-effective if we can prevent them from getting out into the open. Most of the problem is due human activities such as mining, manufacturing, and transportation. It is also up to us to control them. If we can devise ways to limit our impact on the environment, then future generations will inherit a better planet.